Category Archives: Uncategorized

Last judgement

E-books is certainly the revolution in the publishing industry. It has entered the market and displayed features that cannot be achieved by the traditional print. However, on the other hand there are also benefits to the print which cannot be competed with by the digital devices which aid the digital publishing.

The digital publishing beats the print in many aspects including: Firstly, with the growing use and popularity of the internet, it has become an easy way for publishers to upload their books through online vendors on the internet, and this has become a vast market with great number of people looking at online book stores every day from their devices instead of having to go to book stores, when one is short on time. Additionally, the online payment makes this feature more convenient. Also, digital publishing and online bookstores have such flexibility that the readers love to buy online and read what they want, and how they want, whether it is just a chapter or an entire collection. Furthermore, with the increasing popularity of e-readers which store a big collection of books instead of physically carrying books has led to great pull away from the regular print.

Another determining factor is the increasing concern for the environment, and so more people are moving away from printing and wasting paper to using digital publishing because it is more environmentally friendly.

However, the advantages of using the regular print are: Firstly, for those classic readers nothing beats this, because they enjoy reading from real books rather than using e book readers and getting eye strain and they enjoy going to the bookstore instead of just buying it online. Secondly, as more e book readers come out people have to regular buy the new version to upgrade their device, and this is becoming increasingly expensive, compared to regular printed books.

Even though e book and digital publishing is beating the printing publishers, there will never be the case where the regular books will go out of the market.


Analysis of some popular e-book readers


Name of e-book reader Screen Type Formats compatible with reader Screen Size (inches) Comment and analysis
Ipad mini LCD PDF, kindle, TXT, DOC, MOBI, PRC, HTML, EPUB, PPT 7.9 The screen is worst in comparison with regular book, however it is compatible with many formats, the screen size is big enough for good reading
Kindle Fire HD IPS PDF, kindle, TXT, DOC, MOBI, PRC, HTML 7 The screen is not as good as books again, the formats compatible is less than ipad,  and the screen size is reasonable
Nook HD IPS PDF, TXT, DOC, EPUB, PPT 7 The screen is not as good as books again, the formats compatible is less than ipad,  and the screen size is reasonable
Kindle Paperwhite 3G Paper white built in light PDF, kindle, TXT, DOC, MOBI, PRC, HTML 6 The screen is good, because it resembles that of a regular book, however it is not compatible with many formats and the screen size is considerably smaller
Nook simple touch E- ink PDF, EPUB 6 The screen is the best, however, the compatibility with file formats is very bad and the screen is to small
Nook tablet LCD PDF, TXT, DOC, EPUB, HTML 7 The screen is not good for reading, results in eye strain, is not compatible with many formats, but the screen size is reasonable
Nook color LCD PDF, TXT, DOC, EPUB, HTML, PRC 7 The screen is not good for reading, results in eye strain, is not compatible with many formats, but the screen size is reasonable
Kobo Glo wireless eReader E-ink PDF, TXT, DOC, EPUB, HTML, PRC, MOBI 6 The screen is the best, however, the compatibility with file formats is relatively better and the screen is to small
ECTACO jetbook lite TFT LCD   5 Screen is not good for reading, screen size is too small.

issues arising from digital publishing and e-books

Issues arising from digital publishing and e-books

  • The first issue is that of the illegal distribution of copyrighted digitally published material. This is a rising issue since the first publication of digital material and e books. However as more and more publishers use protection levels and digital rights management they cause other problems which effect the readers that purchase the material for reading. For instance, the use of DRM where control of the use of the e- book is placed on the hands of computer programs has resulted in issues such as the use of hidden trackers and spyware, to monitor the use of the e book. This has resulted in issues of privacy as publishers are interfering with customer privacy and this has led to many lawsuits against publishers.
  • As ebooks are digital content, there is always the issue of compatibility, sometimes as a result of DRM. Where some ebooks are only compatible with certain devices and the formats of some ebooks are not compatible with other devices, and this becomes inconvenient for the reader.
  • Additionally, even though digitally published material is becoming more popular, there are lots of health and safety issues related to the use of digital devices for example eye strain which leads to health issues.
  • The cost of regularly buying new e book readers, because as they develop, firms bring out new e books every day, and to stay up to date readers must spend money on these expensive devices.

Comparing and contrasting traditional publishing, digital publishing and future publishing

Comparison between the traditional publishing system and the new e book publishing system

The advantages of using the e-book system compared to the traditional system for the publisher:

  • The publisher can more easily distribute their work, through the internet and thus their work can gain popularity and access to the market more easily. Whereas, for the traditional system, the publisher does not have a lot of control over the distribution.
  • There are more and more number of online book vendors that open all the time and thus distribution channels have become greater in number. Whereas, traditional publishers still exist, due to the popularity of digital publishing they are slowly moving into vending digitally published material.
  • There are more text formats being developed, and therefore the digitally published material is more compatible with many devices and becoming more popular.
  • More software is developed which can read digitally published material. Due to increase in popularity of digital devices, people spend more time one digital devices then they did before, and therefore it is becoming more convenient for them to read of their devices instead of physical material.
  • Publishers can track readers reading trends, and which books they like to read more than others. This is because online book trading has such features and this is very useful for the publisher. Thus the publisher can know of reader taste and produce more reading material which is more preferred by readers. Whereas with traditional publishing, this is not possible, because publishers do not have control over how their published material is distributed.
  • The publishers can update the content of their digitally published material, whereas this is not possible for physical material such as books.
  • Additionally, as published material is copyrighted and is intellectual property. Digital methods of distribution and publishing are more secure and are more reliable in assuring that the digital material will not be copied and used without legal consent. Whereas, in traditional publishing, this becomes a major problem, because someone can easily make copies of physical material.

The advantages of using the e-book system for publishing compared to traditional publishing for the readers.

  • Using electronic devices for reading material is becoming more and more common as digital devices are become more advanced and portable, as well as more convenient for people to carry around and read from. Readers can store all their reading material digitally in their devices, whereas this is not possible for traditional publishing and readers have to carry around all their reading material.
  • Electronic devices such as the amazon kindle uses technology such as electronic ink which makes it look more like real ink, which is more preferred by readers, and therefore they prefer to read digitally published material than physical books or newspapers. And due to popularity for digital devices, people like the electronic ink more than published books.
  • Additionally, electronic book vendors online, provide a platform for people to make comments on the published work and allow online payment. This is beneficial to readers because they can know whether the published work is worth to buy. Additionally, the vendors also allow the readers to communicate with authors about their books which is useful for the readers. Whereas this is very difficult to organize in traditionally published books, because it is hard for vendors to tell their customers about books.
  • Also, readers have a lot more flexibility in choosing the kind of books they want to read, the genre, the chapters and so on. This however is not the case for traditionally published books where vendors cannot regulate such options.

Conclusively, more and more people are realizing the advantages of using e books and therefore more people are swaying their interest away from traditional books and more publishers are choosing digital book publishing as the ultimate option.


Current Publishing and Future Publishing Systems

Currently authors depend on publishers who are specialized to distribute and market their books to the right vendors and markets. Therefore, known authors are the ones that can easily publish digital content or using the traditional methods through vendors.

Someone’s opinion is that as digital publishing becomes more popular, more and more people will have the freedom to publish their material and therefore their work would be accessed by more people as a result.

Additionally, the internet is a key tool for future digital publishing development and freedom publishing as the internet will become a wide digital market for readers to choose the kind of books they would like to read and to access all the sorts of reading that they could not through the physical publishing of books and through vendors and book stores.



Digital Rights Management

Definition: a scheme that controls access to copyrighted material using technological means. DRM removes control of copyrighted material from the user and puts it in the hands of a computer program.

DRM Framework: the digital rights management scheme works on three levels:

  • Establishing a copyright
  • Managing the distribution
  • Controlling what the consumer can do with the digital content

A DRM has to effectively form a relationship between three entities. Namely: user, content and usage rights.

DRM Protection: The digital rights management scheme uses various types of protection including

  • web based permission: when a user installs a software, his computer contacts a license verification program to get permission to install and run a program. Therefore is the software is copied into a friend’s computer and the friend attempts to install the software, the permission program will not re send an installation key.
  • Digital Watermark: DRM makes use of FCC broadcast flag. If a video is set with a broadcast flag, then the video will only be compatible on certain DVD players with the same format. Otherwise, the video will not play on any device.

DRM controversy: Recently there have been many lawsuits by consumers against digital technology providers, because consumers think that the DRM scheme is taken too far. Taking the example of sony-BMG; they were sued because consumers found that the DRM software sent hidden trackers into the consumers device, which could not be detected, and therefore it acted as a spyware. Additionally, DRM is going more and more against fair usage policy.

Why do we need digital rights management? the digital media that consumers use is intellectual property, meaning that humans have put effort and intellect into its production, and therefore they have the right to take credit for it and this is known as copyright protection. Some of these rights include assuring that the digital media is not copied illegally and distributed without the consent of the person that made it. However, due to development in ways of distributing and sharing files, the sharing of intellectual property has become more and more common. The person who made therefore must take measures, so that he or she can control the extent to which the digital material is distributed and used.

4 ways to protect digital files

Encryption: this is the process of encoding documents in such a way that third parties cannot read the content without decoding the document with a key.

Username and Password: having a username as well as a password which is unknown to others and is kept as a secret can be used to access files stored in a restricted area.

Bio-metrics: this is the process of applying physical features unique to a person to store and access files locked in a restricted area.

Hidden Files: these are files that the file system utilities do not display by default.






Glossary for Case Study words


File Format: standard way of encoding information for storage in a computer.

E-book: An electronic book: it is a book publication in digital format and consists of both text and/ or images.

Synchronize: achieving and maintaining a coordination of events to maintain unison.

Customization: the use of computer aid manufacturing to achieve bespoke characteristic.

Multimedia: media and content that uses a combination of different content forms. Including: text, image, audio, animation, video and interactivity.

Interaction: the action when two or more objects or events have an effect upon one another.

Navigation: this is the process of controlling or monitoring the movement of an object from one place to another.

Search: to find an item with specific properties among a collection of items using a specific algorithm.

Annotation: This is a comment or explanation attached to text, image or other data.

Copy: this is to replicate or duplicate data.

Paste: refers to attaching data.

Export: This refers to distributing or spreading the data into other programs or systems.

Update: To modernize or bring to current date, data.

Reader: a person who is reading a text.

Publisher/ author: the person involved in the process of production of multimedia.

Technology: making, using, modifying and knowledge of tools; machines, techniques, crafts, systems and methods of organization in order to solve a problem or achieve a goal.

Cloud: computers connected through a real time communications network, such as the internet.

App: software created for specific purpose.

Electronic paper: display technologies designed to mimic the appearance of ordinary paper.

EPUB: Electronic publication (EPUB)  is a free file format for digital publishing . It is designed to be compatible for particular display devices.

MOBI: File format for digital publishing, intended for reading and editing.

Page Oriented file format: file format for digital publishing based on the way in which a page is turned from normal viewing.

Platform: a framework on which applications may be run.

Re-flowable file format: this file format can adapt its document’s presentation to the output device.

Self-publishing: publication of media by author without involvement of third-party publishers.

Smartphone: a mobile phone built on mobile operating system with more advanced computing capability and connectivity than a regular feature phone.

Tablet: a mobile computer primarily operated by touching the screen.

Widget: a generic type of software application intended for one or more different software platforms.